The Nizam's Jewellery, is one of the biggest, most expensive collection of personal jewels and ornaments in the world belonging to the erstwhile Nizam's of Hyderabad State in southern India. Owned by the Indian Government, most of the ornaments date from the early 18th century to the early 20th century. Claiming it to be a national treasure of India, the Nizam and his heirs were barred from selling their collection internationally. Estimated around 2 billion, in 1995, the Indian Government bought the collection of 173 pieces of jewellery that included gemstones, turban ornaments, headgear, necklaces, amulets, pendants, belts, buckles, earrings, armbands, bangles, bracelets, anklets, cufflinks, buttons, watch chains, rings, toe rings, and nose rings for a mere 33 million. Only twice since 1995 has the Nizam's jewellery been exhibited in India, once in 2001 at Hyderabad and the second time in New Delhi in 2007.
Most of the ornaments are enamelled and set in gold and silver. Jewels include diamonds from Golconda-India, South Africa and Brazil, Colombian, Burmese and Afghani rubies. The jewellery is ornate, and colourful, with some pieces standing out for their artistry, construction and jewels. These include;